First aid for broken bones

First aid for broken bones



Brocken bone is a usual condition that everyone is subject to but it's not a life-threatening condition. You may not be able to detect the fracture through the skin but symptoms can guide you which include intense pain that increases if you try to move the injured area, swelling, or bleeding. Also if someone has been fallen and you notice that he is laying in an unnatural position, you can expect there is a broken bone.

Broken bones need medical attention but sometimes there is no health professional near the area of the accident and their arrival requires a lot of time especially in developed countries. For this reason, you should learn how to apply the first aid for broken bones to save anyone you see in emergency conditions.


The first aid you can provide for broken bones are:
  • evaluate the injury: You should evaluate the injured area in order to help the patient in a correct manner, So there are some symptoms help you in evaluation:
-Trauma with severe pain means there is no broken bones usually.  

- Out of place bones means that have been broken if these bones are in the arms, legs, fingers, and toes 
- Projection of the bone through the skin coupled with severe bleeding that means severely broken bone.


  • As broken bones need medical attention, please call 911 as possible as you can or ask someone else to do that while you start your work.

  • support the injury so that prevent unnecessary movement, supporting bones can relieve the pain and save the fracture from more damage.

  • be careful not to move the broken bone or try to straighten it.

  • if it's necessary to move the broken one, you should splint the fracture before, also do that if you notice that the blood supply to the limb has been blocked by the fracture.

  • you may have to straighten the broken bone if there is deformation in the site of fracture or there is pale, cold, and blue skin around the fracture. After you straighten the bone, it's necessary to splint the limb.

  • Don't move the break if it involves the bones of the head, spine, pelvis as it would be very serious if you are not trained.


  • Stop any bleeding: If there is any bleeding more than a few drops, you should quickly stop it as bleeding can cause death if it wouldn't be stopped. Apply a sterile absorbent bandage on the wound or use an item of clean clothing if the bandage not available, then for few minutes continue in applying pressure with your hands. Then rape a piece of clothing around the bandage to secure it.

  • The bleeding may not be stopped so you should rape a rope or leather or anything like above the limb to turn off the circulation at the site of injury until medical help arrives.


Resources: 
https://www.webmd.com/first-aid/broken-leg-treatment


(2)

https://www.redcross.org.uk/first-aid/learn-first-aid/broken-bone

(3)

https://www.health.harvard.edu/pain/emergencies-and-first-aid-broken-bones

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