Hypertension | Risk factors - treatment.

Hypertension | Risk factors - treatment.



According to the medical dictionary website; “Hypertension is high blood pressure. Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of arteries as it flows through them. Arteries are the blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood from the heart to the body’s tissues.”
We define hypertension by two numbers, the higher is called systolic pressure which is when the heart beats, and the lower number is called diastolic pressure, when the heart is at rest.

Blood pressure values

  • Normal blood pressure is less than 120/80 mm Hg.
  • Elevated blood pressure is when systolic pressure is (120 - 129) and less than 80 mm Hg for diastolic pressure. 
  • Hypertension stage 1 is when systolic pressure is (130 - 139) mm Hg and diastolic pressure is (80 - 89)  mm Hg. 

Why Hypertension is a major health problem?

because it’s widespread and often has no warning signs or symptoms, it has been sometimes called the “silent killer “
left untreated, the damage that high blood pressure does to your circulatory system is a significant contributing factor to the heart attack, stroke, and other health threats.
Nearly half of American adults have high blood pressure. (Many don’t even know they have it) (according to the American Heart Association. So, please measure your blood pressure from time to another.
Risk Factors for High Blood Pressure


Risk factors

There are some factors that increase the risk of developing hypertension, including:
1- overweight and obesity
2- too much sodium in your diet.
3- too little potassium in your diet.
4- no or low exercise.
5- drinking too much alcohol.
6- stress.
7- low vitamin D diet content.
8- certain chronic conditions: diabetes, sleep apnea and kidney disease.

Treatment of hypertension 

Treatment include; pharmacological drugs prescribed by a doctor and lifestyle modification that can significantly alter blood pressure. 

Lifestyle modification 
  • Quitting smoking. 
  • Losing weight.
  • Getting adequate amounts of vitamins and minerals. 
  • Engaging in regular aerobic exercise. 
  • Limiting alcohol intake. 
  • Limiting salt intake. 
  • Avoidance of saturated fat-rich diet.
  • Avoidance of environmental stressors 


References

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