Risk Factors for High Blood Pressure

Risk Factors for High Blood Pressure

Hypertension (High blood pressure) is a common disorder which associated with a high morbidity and mortality among the world. 
Most hypertensive patients catch the diseases for no identifiable cause, which is known as the primary hypertension. Being a silent killer; hypertensive patient may not know about his disease until more serious disorders have developed. Therefore, regular measurement of blood pressure and avoiding risk factors have a great value of importance. In this article, we will know about risk factors for hypertension.

Risk Factors for High Blood Pressure :
  • Overweight and obesity :

Obesity is a major factor for many diseases, including hypertension, but what’s the relationship?
There’s a positive relationship between your weight and the blood amount needed to supply your tissues with oxygen and nutrients So more wight means more blood volume circulates through blood vessels leading to hypertension.

Increased amount of salt (sodium) in your diet:
Too much sodium causes both factors that directly cause hypertension,  which are:
  1. Increasing blood volume through fluid retention. 
  2. Blood vessel contraction.

  • Low potassium amount in your diet:

Potassium causes relaxation of the blood vessel’s smooth muscles, which leads to lowering blood pressure. So little potassium means an increase incidence of hypertension.

  • Not being physically active:

Regular exercise increases blood flow, leading to the release of chemical substances that relax blood vessels, and as we now B.Vs relaxation lowers blood pressure.
Also, lack of physical activity increases the risk of being overweight.

  • Too much consumption of alcohol:
There are an association between drinking alcohol more than twice daily and incidence of hypertension.  This may be due too
Having over two drinks per day can cause hypertension. This may be because of activating your adrenergic nervous system, causing constriction of blood vessels and a simultaneous increase in blood flow and heart rate.

  • Stress
Stress raise your blood pressure at the same way of alcohol so don’t try to relax by drinking alcohol or using tobacco and the best way is to relax by meditation techniques which lower blood pressure.

  • Certain chronic disorders
Unfortunately, if you’re diabetic or have kidney disease, also sleep apnea may increase your risk of high blood pressure. But you can save yourself through controlling these disorders by drugs and adjusted lifestyle to reduce other risk factors.

This article is a step to spread information about healthy lifestyle to reduce risk of hypertension.

Image source: shutterstock website.